21 Different Types of Colorful Daisies for Your Garden

Daisy – as we hear the name, the first picture that comes to our mind is the innocent, pure white flower with a bright yellow center. The term ‘Daisy’ is derived from an Anglo- Saxon term, which translates to ‘day’s eye’. They open their flowery eyes at first sight of the sun in the morning, closing them again as the sun sets.

Native to Europe, Africa, and North America, daisies come in thousands of different varieties, approximately containing a whopping 20,000 species, some small and white, some showy and colorful. Among all, the common daisies have multiplied so rapidly in the U.S. that it’s now considered to be an invasive weed. Their blooming time varies from species to species, so depending on your choice, daisies can be some of the best early spring or summer flowers to add to the garden. Besides ample sunlight and well-draining soil, daisies don’t need much to thrive, making them one of the best low-maintenance flowers.

What do we mean by ‘daisy’

The common name ‘daisy’ refers to an extensive collection of species among several genera within the vast Asteraceae family, a group known for flat and disc-shaped flowers, with petals that form rays projecting outward from a central hub. This family also includes chrysanthemums, zinnias, asters, and sunflowers, as well as some common weeds, such as dandelions. But, here we are only discussing the flowers that are knowns as ‘daisies’ in a more common understanding.

Depending on their blooming season, daisies can be categorized into two main types: perennial and annual.

Perennial Types of Daisies

Some of the daisies are perennials, as they persist for several growing seasons. Usually, the shoot portion of the plant dies each winter and regrows the following spring from the same root system. Many of them keep their leaves year-round and offer attractive borders and groundcover.

Let’s have a look at some perennial daisies:

1. English Daisy (Bellis perennis)

English Daisy

The English daisy, also known as ‘lawn daisy’, is easily found in lawns. This hardy perennial originates from the Western and Eastern parts of South Africa. Its flowers appear like regular daisies except for the purplish color of the outer petals. As these low-growing plants enjoy the cool season and shady locations, they often bloom in mild weather, often from April to June, when grown outdoors or early in the spring when grown indoors. These plants need well-draining soil and are also disease-resistant. These common daisies propagate so fast that they are considered as a weed in the United States.

Colors: Blue, white, pink, red

Flowering Season: From early April to the middle of the summer months

Height/Width: 6-12 inches / 6-12 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full or partial sun

USDA Zone: 4-8

Types: Pomponette, Tasso Pink, Galaxy

2. Gerbera Daisy (Gerbera jamesonii)

Gerbera Daisy

This tender perennial plant, alternatively known as the Barberton daisy or Transvaal Daisy, can be grown indoors, and they bear flowers throughout the year. On average, their flowers last up to 4-7 weeks. They prefer morning sun, although they can tolerate full sun in cooler climates. They thrive better in slightly acidic well-draining soil, provided it remains moist. These plants also boast excellent foliage and can spruce up the decor of any property. The species is named after the discoverer Robert Jameson.

Colors: Pink, red, orange, yellow

Flowering Season: Early spring through autumn

Height/Width: 6 to 12 inches/ 8 to 16 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 9–11

Types: Gerbera Apricot, Gerbera aurantiaca, Gerbera viridifolia

3. Swan River Daisy (Brachyscome iberidifolia)

Swan River Daisy

The swan river daisy, a warm-weather perennial from Australia, produces abundant colorful small flowers measuring about 1 inch in diameter. The blooms work so well with other garden plants—that they can serve as a central feature of any garden. Its foliage is softly textured and has a gray-green hue. These low-maintenance plants are suitable for container gardening as they cascade attractively over the sides. Their ideal growing conditions include moist, organically rich, well-drained soil. However, they adapt to challenging situations, growing in sandy or clay soil and even rocky outcroppings.

Colors: Lavender, blue, yellow, white

Flowering Season: From summer to fall

Height/Width: 12–18 inches/ 1 to 3 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 9-11

Types: ‘Blue Zephyr’ swan river daisy

4. Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Oxeye Daisy

This native species of Europe, also referred to as dog daisy, moon daisy, white daisy, white weed, field daisy, marguerite, poorland flower, is a grassland perennial, typically growing in pastures, meadows, and wasteland. The flowers of this medium-heightened plant sprout from its upright stems. Also, its toothed foliage is quite distinctive, with leaves being larger at the base and diminishing as they get closer to the top. These daisies prefer well-draining soil, but it will typically grow anywhere that is not soggy.

Colors: Yellow, White

Flowering Season: From mid-spring to the end of June

Height/Width: 1–3 feet/ 1 to 2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun to partial shade

USDA Zone: 4a – 9b

Types: ‘Maikonigin’ May Queen

5. Shasta Daisies (Leucanthemum x superbum)

Shasta Daisies

This easy-growing, low-maintenance perennial offers good space coverage along with pretty summer blooms. It also provides a balance between the look of a common Daisy along with foliage, which is green year-round in many climates. These daisies require well-draining, fertile soil, and moderate watering. This daisy is a hybrid between the European oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare), the Nippon daisy (Nipponanthemum nipponicum), and two other species (L. maximum and L. lacustre). It received its common name from the white snow of Mount Shasta in California.

Colors: Classic white to gold and butter yellow

Flowering Season: Early spring to late autumn

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/ 1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 4-10

Types: Becky Shasta daisy, Shasta daisy Alaska, Snowcap Shasta daisy, Christine Hagemann, Ice Star, Aglaia

6. Gloriosa Daisy/Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)

Black-Eyed Susan

These drought-tolerant and easy-to-grow daisies are commonly called ‘black-eyed Susan’ as the disk is of a range of dark purple shades, from deep violet to burgundy, which appears black from a distance and a crown of perfectly shaped, yellow petals that are lighter in the outer part and turn almost light orange in the inner half.

Colors: Yellow, orange, orange-red, mahogany

Flowering Season: Summer, fall

Height/Width: 1-3 feet, 3-8 feet/1.5-3 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 3-7

Types: Indian Summer Rudbeckia, Prairie Sun Rudbeckia, Rudbeckia hirta Moreno, Irish Eyes Rudbeckia, Cherokee Sunset Rudbeckia

7. Golden Marguerite (Anthemis tinctorial)

Golden Marguerite

It is often referred to as the ‘stalwart of perennial gardens’ especially for its attractive golden-yellow daisy-like flowers and dark green, lacy, and glossy foliage. Its flowers greatly resemble sunflowers and daisies in appearance that look breathtaking amid the plush foliage. This plant is also known by some of its other common names, such as yellow chamomile, Paris daisy, dyer’s chamomile, Boston daisy, and oxeye chamomile, and is native to Western Asia, Sothern Europe, and the Mediterranean region.

Colors: Yellow

Flowering Season: Summer

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/ 18-24 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 3-7

Types: Kelwayi

8. Coneflower/Echinacea Daisies (Echinacea purpurea)

Coneflower

These pretty daisies can be found in the United States in the Mississippi Valley, and they are very popular among butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. They also commonly occur in the eastern part of North America, including much of New England. They easily fill in large areas of the yard with their sheer size and colorful blooms. They require full sunlight, but one has to water them often as they love consistently moist soil. Also, they should be sheltered from extreme rainfall or strong winds. An interesting fact about purple coneflowers is that the central disc in the middle of the flower is composed of tiny little flowers. So after the petals fall off, we still have a flower, or to be precise, a central cone with many small flowers. The purple coneflowers are used in cold remedies to stimulate the immune system.

Colors: Intense magenta purple

Flowering Season: Summer, fall

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun or partial shade

USDA Zone: 3-8

Types: Avalanche, Cheyenne Spirit, Daydream, Double Scoop Cranberry, Firebird

9. Painted Daisy (Tanacetum coccineum)

Painted Daisy

This type of daisy comes in several bright and bold hues with a bright yellow center. It prefers well-draining and slightly sandy soil. The easy-care and vivid blooms of the painted daisy make it deserving of a spot in every cutting garden. It is native to the Caucasus, western and central Asia.

Colors: Magenta, white, red, yellow

Flowering Season: Summer, fall

Height/Width: 2-3 feet/1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 3-7

Types: James Kelway, pale pink Eileen May Robinson

10. Montauk Daisy (Nipponanthemum nipponicum)

Montauk Daisy

The Nippon daisies are native to China and Japan. However, they were given their common name ‘Montauk daisies’ because they have naturalized on Long Island, all around the town of Montauk. It is an herbaceous perennial flower that begins to bloom in the late summer and persists until frost. They have leather-textured shiny green leaves, and their flowers grow on long stalks. The flower heads feature white petals with yellow center disks, measuring about 2 to 3 inches across. These medium-maintenance plants love loamy and sandy soil with good drainage.

Colors: White petals with a yellow center disk

Flowering Season: Midsummer to early fall

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/less than 3 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 5-9

11. Rough Burr-daisy (Calotis scabiosifolia)

Rough Burr-Daisy

The plant is found from southern Queensland through New South Wales and Victoria and into eastern South Australia. It is common in pasture land with heavy grey clay or duplex soil. It is a creeping, perennial forb, or non-woody herb. It has sharply toothed or lobed grey-green basal and upper stem leaves, measuring about 10-18cm long and 5cm wide. The plant’s fruits (achenes) are commonly called burrs and are typical of the burr-daisy group. It grows well in open woodland and grassland, often on heavy clay soils.

Colors: White or mauve with yellow centers

Flowering Season: Flowers throughout the year, but mainly spring

Height: 45 cm.

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun to partial shade

USDA Zone:

Types: Purple Burr-daisy

12. African Daisy (Genus –Osteospermum)

African Daisy

This genus encompasses over 60 species of flowering perennials. Daisies belonging to this genus are native to dry regions of Southern Africa and are therefore more commonly known as African Daisies. They usually have few low leaves, which allow the flower to take center stage in the way these daisies present themselves. The petals have evident, defined shapes, making them one of the most architectural daises on the market. Unusually, some of the species lack stems, so the flower appears directly from the foliage on the plant base. As it doesn’t need a lot of water, it can be great for new gardeners who don’t much have time to upkeep their yards constantly. Also, it does best in slightly sandy soil that drains very well. You won’t have to fertilize it.

Colors: Red, pink, orange, lime yellow

Flowering Season: Middle of spring to the summer

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/1 foot

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 10-11

Types: Blue-eyed daisy, Osteospermum 4D Silver, Osteospermum Lemon Symphony, Osteospermum Passion Mix, Osteospermum Copper Apricot

13. Blue-Eyed Daisy (Arctotis grandis)

Blue Eyed Daisy

This rare type of African daisy, alternatively known as African Pearl Daisy, has a South African origin. As the name suggests, it bears a stunning bluish dark center highlighted by a yellow outer string and white petals. It prefers moist, well-drained, acidic soil.

Colors: White

Flowering Season: Summer

Height/Width: 1-2 feet/1 foot

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 9-11

14. Florist’s Daisy (Chrysanthemum morifolium)

Florist's Daisy

It is a herbaceous perennial, surviving winter chill spectacularly during late November and early December. It showcases gorgeous blooms that are widely used for bouquets of cut flowers. This variety is prone to have double-layered flowers, which give a whole pom-pom-like appearance. It features flowers on upright stems and foliage that can span up to 5 inches long. This popular houseplant is also known for its excellent air-filtering properties.

Colors: Maybe single-colored like white, yellow, orange, lavender, purple, or red; or bicolor.

Flowering Season: Early summer to early fall

Height/Width: 2 feet/ 1-2 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 8b – 11

Types: Reflex, Incurving, Anemone, Spoon Spider, Pompon, Button

15. Blue Felicia Daisy (Felicia amelloides)

Blue Felicia Daisy

Blue Felicia Daisy, also known as blue marguerite daisy, is a hairy, soft, bushy, perennial, evergreen plant in the daisy family. This South African native consists of about twelve heavenly blue ray florets surrounding many yellow disc florets, together with measuring about 3 cm across. It covers the southern coast of South Africa. It generally grows as ground cover and produces many regular branches. This hardy, fast-growing, long-flowering plant needs moderate water and very little care to thrive.

Colors: Sky blue

Flowering Season: Summer to fall

Height/Width: 1-2 feet/1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 8-11

Types: Felicia denticulata, Felicia cymbalariae, Felicia joubertinae, Felicia flaneganii

16. Marguerite Daisies (Argyranthemum frutescens)

Marguerite Daisies

Also known as Paris daisy, it is a perennial plant native to the Canary Islands. The strongly branched plant often grows globose-bushy with ascending to upright branches bearing fragrant flowers.

Colors: White, yellow, blue

Flowering Season: Late spring/early summer until late summer/early fall

Height/Width: 1-3 feet/1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 8-9

Types: Blue Daisy, Golden Marguerite, Golden Chamomile ‘Sauce Hollandaise’, Marguerite ‘Pure White Butterfly’, Marguerite ‘Golden Butterfly’

17. Cape marguerite (Dimorphotheca ecklonis)

Cape Marguerite

Cape marguerite, alternatively known as Van Staden’s river daisy, Sundays river daisy, white daisy bush, blue-and-white daisy bush, star of the veldt, is a low-maintenance ornamental plant native to South Africa. It is an evergreen, perennial dwarf shrub. Its rays are white above and reddish-blue below. The disc is dark blue or purple. The fruit surface is net-wrinkled.

Colors: White, pink

Flowering Season: Late spring to early fall

Height/Width: 2-3 feet/1-2 feet

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 3-7

Types: Nuanza copper purple, Dimorphotheca pluvialis, North Star, Ringens, Cream Symphony

18. Curly Leaf Daisy (Arctotis revoluta)

Curly Leaf Daisy

This extremely vigorous, fast-growing shrub can fit into almost any habitat.  Its woolly stalk bears large, solitary flowers. The ray florets are yellow to orange above, with the underside maroon, while the disc florets are yellow. Fruits are achenes with two cuneate (wedge-shaped) cavities. It grows well in rocky or sandy areas, gardens, as well as in coastal regions. Both of its disc florets and ray florets are vibrant yellow. Its leaves roll underneath themselves around the edges, earning its scientific name ‘revoluta’, meaning ‘rolled backward’. It is a hardy species that only needs sufficient watering during its establishment phase.

Colors: Yellow, Orange

Flowering Season: Spring

Height/Width: 2-3 feet/3-5 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 2-11

Annual Daisy Varieties

Some of the daisies are annuals, as they perform their entire life cycle from seed to flower and again back to seed within a single growing season. Their roots, stems, and leaves die annually; only the dormant seed bridges the gap between one generation and the next.

Now, let’s explore some of the annual variants of daisy:

1. Daisy Desertstar/Small Desert Star (Monoptilon bellidiforme)

Daisy Desertstar

This flowering plant, commonly known as the Small Desert Star, bears such short stalks that the flowers appear at ground level. The yellow and white small flowers have 5 or 6mm long ray florets.  They are primarily found along the Mojave and the Sonoran Deserts. While it is native to the desert region, this daisy is also abundantly available across the Mexican, Arizonian, and Nevadan borders.

Colors: White

Flowering Season: Summer

Height/Width: 2.3 inches/2 cm.

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 8-9

2. Dahlberg Daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba)

Dahlberg Daisy

This low-maintenance fragrant annual is an upright to spreading, a short-lived plant producing profused small yellow flowers. This heat-loving, drought-tolerant is native from Texas to Florida and Mexico. They perform best in well-drained, sandy soil.

Colors: Yellow

Flowering Season: Early summer to early fall

Height/Width: 6-12 inches/6-12 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 9-11

3. Showy Townsend-daisy (Townsendia florifer)

Showy Townsend Daisy

Showy Townsendia is an annual to short-lived perennial, herbaceous attractive wildflower with a low growth form and coarse, appressed hairy herbage. The hairy achenes are topped by straight, stiff bristles that are 1-6 mm long in ray flowers and 3-8 mm long in disk flowers.

Colors: White, pink, cream, lavender

Flowering Season: Spring to summer

Height: 6 inches

Sunlight Requirement: Full sun

USDA Zone: 3-9

Types: Townsendia alpigena, Townsendia annua, Townsendia aprica

Among the enormous varieties of daisies, here we have discussed only a tiny fraction. These colorful and bright flowers can create fun pops of color around the home, patio, yard, or garden. As they are comparatively easy to grow and maintain, one can have several types of them.

While planting them, it is essential to be aware of the fact that the sap or juices of some daises, such as English daisy, shasta daisy, chrysanthemum, and marguerite may cause a skin rash or irritation. Also, ingestion of these toxic plants may cause minor illnesses such as vomiting or diarrhea. Though all varieties are not poisonous or have harmful effects, always make sure to have an idea about the toxic properties of the class you are choosing, especially if you have small children or pets at home. In the end, pick your color, and let’s get gardening.

by | Updated : July 31, 2021



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